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Phaedo – Four Levels | BBA Notes

Phaedo – Four Levels of Interactions

Phaedo - Four Levels BBA Notes
Phaedo – Four Levels BBA Notes

Summary

In this text, a great philosopher Plato writes about Socrates’ death with the help of two characters. The are: Phaedo and Echecrates. There is conversation between these characters. Phaedo was present when Socrates was given poison. Echecrates and Phaedo were disciples of Socrates. Echecrates asks Phaedo to tell about the details how Socrates died. After Socrated was charged, the execution of Socrates was postponed for several days because of some delay in ritual performance. Because they had to perform some ritual performance. When the ship from Delos arrived, Socrates would be executed. Because the ship had been sent to Delos to God Apollo. When the ship comes, they fix the date.

On that day, many students from different places came to meet Socrates. His disciples as well as family members came there. He gave a Philosophical talk about human body and soul. Some of them began to weep. Socrates sent them home after a short talk. Crito (disciple of Socrates) asked Socrates how they should bury him. Socrates made fun of him. He explained that it didn’t matter to him how he would be buried. For him death was important. He knew that he would leave the world soon and would go to another world soon. He would go to heaven.

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Then he went to take bath. An officer came and asked pardon from Socrates. The officer had tears in his eyes. Then a man came with a bowl of poison. Socrates didn’t change his facial expression. He commanded his disciples not to lose heart. Socrates drank poison. Finally he asked Crito to offer a cock to the divine healer, Asclepius. It was Greek custom to offer a cock to Asclepius after from an illness. Socrates believed that he was recovering from a n illness, but no dying. Then he walked for a distance. Legs were heavy. Finally, he fell down. At the end he wished that a Cock should be offered to asclepius. The disciples as well as other relatives began to weep in broken heart.

Four Levels of InterpretationI

Literal Comprehension

This text is written in dialogue form. There are mainly three characters. They are Phaedo, Echecrates and Cerrito. In this text, a great philosopher Plato writes about Socrates’ death with the help of two characters. They are: Phaedo and Echecrates. There is conversation between these characters. Phaedo was present when Socrates was given poison. Echecrates and Phaedo were disciples of Socrates. Echecrates asks Phaedo to tell about the details how Socrates died. After Socrates was charged, the execution of Socrates was postponed for several days because of some delay n ritual performance. Because they had to perform some ritual performances. When the ship from Delos arrived, Socrates would be executed. Because the ship had been sent to Delos to God Apolollo. When the ship comes, they fix the date.

On that day, many students from different places came to meet Socrates. His disciples as well as family members came there. He gave to weep. Socrates sent them home after a short talk. Crito asked Socrates how they should bury him. Socrates made fun of him. He explained that it didn’t matter to him how he would be buried. For him death was important. He knew that he would leave the world soon and would go to another world soon. He would go to heaven.

Then he went to take bath. An officer came and asked pardon from Socrates. The officer had tears in his eyes. Then a man came with a bowl of poison. Socrates didn’t change his facial expression. He commanded his disciples not to lose heart. Socrates drank poison. Then he walked for a distance. Legs were heavy. Finally, he fell down. At the end he wished that a Cock should be offered to Asclepius. The disciples as well as other relatives began to weep in broken-heart.

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Interpretation

Here, the writer Plato tries to show immortality of Socrates. According to him, a great person doesn’t frighten with death. He shows death is necessary when our body is useless. He means short but adventurous life if better than long monotonous life. Here, Socrates drank the poison earlier than appointed time because he found his body useless because he was going to be executed soon. Plato shows adventurous life is more important that coward life. Because Socrates was speaking for right things though he was given poison. This dialogue also tells us that the person, who sacrifices his/ her life for democratic rights, norms and values never dies.

Critical Thinking

I quietly agree that we shouldn’t spend our life without doing any good work. We are human beings, we should do something great. Socrates had democratic feelings and he spoke in favor of common people though he was given poison. But we still say Socrates was a great upright person. But here Plato tries to show that there is also life after death. There is no any proof of it yet. I have never heard that someone’s arrival in the heaven.

Assimilation

By reading this text in dialogue form, I learnt that we should be truth. Truth makes us a great person. For right things we should protest. Socrates also spoke for truth but the dwellers of the dark got him to drink poison though he is still known as great philosopher. His name is written in history books.

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