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Important Notes for Botany – Golgi Complex/ Bodies – HA

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Golgi Complex/ Bodies

Golgi bodies are present it all the eukaryotic the cells except matured mammalian. Functional state of cell. They are present in large number inside the cell. Golgi bodies show complex structure and consists of three types of structure.

i. Cisternae: They are mostly present as tubular flappable double structure having swollen ends.

ii. At ends: They are carve of structure having concave or convex side. The concave side is present toward the maturing part were as convex structure the matured phase.

iii. Vesicles: They are oval bacuollar structure present in cytoplasm in mammals. They are mostly found in pancreatic cells.

iv. Tubules: They are white tubelight branched structure which are without Ribosome. They are mammal found present lipid forming cells.

Functions of ER

i. ER helps synthesis of biomolecules i.e. proteins and lipid.

ii. ER helping circulation of protein and other substances.

iii. ER is helpful in formation of nuclear membrane telophase of cell division.

iv. ER also helps to from cell pleat during cytokinesis in plant manly have cisternae.

v. ER helps in formation of primary lysosome.

vii. ER has different types of enzymes which are useful during biosynthesis and biomolecules.

Golgi Complex/ bodies

  • Golgi bodies are present it all the eukaryotic the cells except mantured mammalian. Functional state of cell. They are present in large number inside the cell.
  • Golgi bodies slow complex structure and consists of three types of structure.
  1. Cisternae: They are mostly present as tubular falappal doubule structure having swollen ends.
  2. At ends: They are carve of structure having concave or convex side. The concave side is present toward the mancturing part were as convex structure is faceing the mantured phase.
  • Bacuades: They are numbers large. Irragules structuring of the cisternae.

they are small structure present towards forming face side. Face of cisternae.

They are small oval round structure attached to the tubes of cisternae.

Functions of Golgi

  1. Golgi bodies are use for transport of chemically modified molecules.
  2. Golgi helps in biosynthesis of glycoprotein.
  3. Golgi bodies are secretary body which secretary the substances which are transported in the cell.
  4. Golgi bodies help in forming primary lysosome.
  5. Golgi bodies from the acrosome of sperm during maturation of sperm.
  6. Golgi bodies also help in synthesis of pectic substance which are present cell wall.
  7. Golgi bodies help in formation of hormones in the cell.

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