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Delivery of Essential Health Care Services – Health Assistant

Table of Contents

Delivery of Essential Health Care Services

The Second Long Term Health Plan indicated that priority will be given to health promotion and prevention activities based on Primary Health Care principles. It identified Essential Health Care Services (EHCS) that address the most essential health needs of the population and that are highly cost-effective. EHCH are priority public health measures and are essential clinical and curative services for the appropriate treatment of common diseases. The EHCS are priority public health appropriate treatment of common diseases. The EHCS for Ayurveda and other traditional systems of medicines are defined separately.

Essential Health Care Services

S.N. Main Interventions* Health Problems Addressed
1. Appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries Common Diseases and injuries
2. Reproductive health Maternal and Peri-natal health problems including other RH issues
3. The expanded programme on immunization (EPI) and Hepatitis B Vaccine Diphtheria, Pertusis, TB, Measles, Polio, Neonatal Tetanus, Hepatitis B
4. Condom promotion and distribution STD/ HIV, Hepatitis B, Cervical Cancer
5. Leprosy control Leprosy
6. Tuberculosis control Tuberculosis
7. Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) Diarrhoeal Disease, Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM), Measles and Malaria
8. Nutritional supplementation, enrichment, nutrition education and rehabilitation PEM, Iodine Deficiency Disorders, Vitamin A Deficiency, Anaemia, Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Diabetes, Rickets, Perinantal Mortality, Maternal Morbidity, Diarrhoeal Disease, ARI
9. Prevention and control of blindness Cataracts, Glaucoma, Pteygium, Refractive Error, and other Preventable Eye Infections
10. Environmental sanitation Diarrhoeal Disease, Acute Respiratory Infection, intestinal Helminthes, Vector Brone Diseases, Malnutrition
11. School health services Diarrhoeal Disease, Helminthes, Oral Health, HIV, STDs, Malaria, Eye and Hearing Problems, Substance Abuse, Basic Trauma Care
12. Vector borne disease control Malaria, Leishmaniasis, Japanese Encephalitis
13. Oral health services Oral Health
14. Prevention of deafness Hearing Problems
15. Substance abuse, including tobacco and alcohol control Cancers, Chronic Respiratory Disease, Traffic Accidents
16. Mental health services Mental Health Problems
17. Accident prevention and rehabilitation Post Trauma Disabilities
18. Community-based rehabilitation Leprosy, Congenital Disabilities, Post Trauma Disabilities, Blindness
19. Occupational health Chronic Respiratory Disease, Accident, Cancers, Eye and Skin Diseases, Hearing Loss
20. Emergency preparedness and management Natural and Man-made disasters

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